Prison farms are correctional facilities that are established with the aim of offering area for economical use. Most of these regions or areas are used for offenders who are serving their term with manual labor. They are open air lands where a series of activities take place. Some of the activities that take place in these prison farms include agriculture, quarrying and at times logging. Historically, these farms were known as penal colonies. These farms also supply medical care on the best level: It helped some prisoner to get rid of tonsil stones it helped another one cure constipation and another one with his back problems.
There are various types of activities that take place in prison farms. Some of these activities include dairy farming, poultry keeping, horticulture and pig rearing. Each of these farms is established by prisons with the intention of handling prisoners who have been sentenced to prison with hard labor. Though this is the goal, these farms do not exist to offer or create harsh conditions for the prisoners. Essentially, these farms exist with the main objective of rehabilitating these hard core criminals to become useful upon release from the prison.
What is the importance of prison farms? Prison farms serve various purposes. For instance, the agricultural produce generated from these farms is used to feed the prisoners. If it is produced in excess, some of the produce is sold to generate income for the prison.
Prison farms provide education and vocational guidance to some of the convicts. These programs provide the offenders with vital information and skills on how to improve their lives. In essence, prisoners who participate in these farms end up with new skills that are critical when it comes to reintegration into the wider community.
The prison farm programs are designed in such a manner that the prisoners are able to confront some of their criminal behaviors. Through these programs, the prisoners are able to develop social skills and behavior controlling techniques. The prisoners who are normally subjected to such programs are aided in learning to handle their emotions as well work together as teams.
Certain values are instilled in these prisoners. For instance, a prisoner is able to learn the value of generating income. If a prisoner is convicted and lacks a set of values, the prison farms provide conducive grounds to instill values such as hard work, perseverance, patience and commitment. When a prisoner is able to appreciate what he is doing or even achieving, then he starts to develop confidence which is part of development.
Upon visiting the prison farms, one thing you will discover is that some prisoners are given specific roles to attend. For example, there are cases where these prisoners are given managerial roles to supervise other prisoners; others are given tasks aligned to book keeping and management. The general outcome is that these prisoners will come out of these farms with useful skills that will make them better people in the society.
In addition, some of these farms are used as reference points. Due to the nature of farming taking place, there are instances where people from the society come to learn from these farms. These farms become learning centers not just for the prisoners, but for the wider society as well.