In the last decade there has been a jump in ads for green building architectural design. Still, many people and designers who do not understand the benefits of this approach. In this article I will explain the main features and the design right climatic advantages.
The term “green building” refers to a variety of methods and activities carried out throughout the building’s life cycle: from design, through implementation to use the finished structure.
Home earliest planning stage, must first take into account the provision of the building on the lot. This factor is critical for building climatically correct. Selecting and defining directions of the openings of the main facade of the building, we actually determine how much natural light enters the building and what times a day, how much solar energy will house fronts, the effect of the winds on the house and how they will affect water drainage considerations of structure and function.
Israel, for example, is recommended to determine the main façade or the South facade southwest. Such a position allows to enjoy the warm sunlight in the winter, and block light in summer easily bother using a fixed horizontal shading. The southwest of the bright natural light also enjoy the evening, and thus save costs in light and air. In addition, Israel wind comes from the west most regions (the sea), and south in the winter sometimes. Proper planning of the walls and doorways helps create “wind traps”, which inject fresh air and help keep the building cool in summer.
The next step after determining the reference is the choice of materials. Differences in construction materials, and in particular the level of thermal insulation significantly influences building comfort and energy efficiency. Well-insulated house is less affected by extreme temperature differences outside and keeps better than the current temperature inside the house. Again, this immediately translates into the amount of heating or cooling days required, and thus affects the home electricity costs over the entire life.
Choice of materials there are other components, such as recycled materials selection, and the selection of materials that do not emit toxic or pose a risk to people staying in the building. Today many materials manufacturers state that they meet the standards of green building. These materials, consider the environment in their manufacturing process, and are often recycled content. Quality materials that meet creating a healthier environment. Building materials that have been tested and do not bear standard mark, may emit pollutants and carcinogens, and dangerous radiation.
Green building process are taken into consideration factors such as construction waste removal, soil testing for finding contaminants, preserving the natural environment and the living growing and taking measures to reduce damage to the environment, air and water.
After completion of construction, the tenant building “green” to get a detailed instruction booklet, with a description of the systems and their use. If there are at special systems such as solar panels, geothermal heating or gray water, the Contractor shall keep detailed maintenance instructions for the coming years.
What makeד architectural design right?
Green building is the proper construction. The direct result is a savings to the property owner operating costs (electricity and water), and enjoying a healthier environment. Indirect profits equally important, are the spaces around the building and the entire ecosystem. Green structure reduces the environmental impact by making it less necessary on the one hand, and the other less polluting. The green house is easier to cool in summer and warm in the winter, it has a pleasant natural light and convenient hours of operation and materials are not harmful to occupants.